Metrics server is a component that allows you to view the metrics of your cluster. If you would like to experiment with Horizontal Pod Autoscaling (HPA), metrics server is a necessary component in Minikube.

Within minikube, metrics-server is available as a add-on. If it is not enabled already, you can enable it by running the following command:

minikube addon enable metrics-server

Once it is enabled, you can view the metrics of a running pod using the following command:

kubectl top pods

This will show CPU and memory usage of the running pod.



A quick way to print the environment variables of a running pod is to use the following command.

kubectl exec <pod-name> -- env

For example, take a look at the sample nginx pod with few additional (MY_POD and PORT) environment variables.

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
name: my-pod
- image: nginx:1.14.2
name: nginx
- containerPort: 8080
- name: POD_NAME
value: "my_pod"
- name: PORT
value: "8080"

Once the pod is in running state, you can use the following command to print the environment variables of the pod.

kubectl exec my-pod -- env

You can see the output as below listing the environment variables.

screenshot showing output of the command showcasing environment variables



Utkarsh Shigihalli

Microsoft MVP | Developer | Passionate about Cloud, .NET and DevOps